Military ruler’s vs democratic rulers

General Ayub Khan

General Ayub Khan

News Time

We must analyze democracy in depth so that we can lead the nation. The ruthless political analysis of military generals and political rulers needs time. Today’s young generation is not as aware of this past history as it should be. We begin with 1957 when political governments were engaged in conspiracies against their opposing forces. There was a period of overthrow of the Prime Ministers. The President was in power. It was a strange government. There was no complete presidential system and no local government system. Behind the scenes, dangerous conspiracies were active. The game was booming under General Iskander Mirza, whose position as prime minister was reduced to that of a puppet. Iskander Mirza had all the cards in his hand, one the Prime Minister was coming and the other was leaving. The game reached its climax when Iskander Mirza released Prime Minister Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy and sent him to prison. He was later shown the way to Beirut. He was found dead in a Beirut hotel. He belonged to East Pakistan and was very active in Tehreek-e-Pakistan. The result of love for Pakistan and democracy was very instructive. Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy wrote a memoir in Beirut which is very interesting and instructive. The result of the political upheaval was the martial law of General Ayub Khan and what was a little democracy came to an end. We need to analyze the rule of military generals in this regard so that we can understand the true nature of democracy. General Ayub Khan invented the method of his choice conducted presidential election through BD. One aspect of his government that is commendable is that General Ayub Khan decided to elect members at the local level for public issues and also elected a chairman. Ayub Khan drafted the constitution of 1962 and held elections in West Pakistan (now Pakistan) and East Pakistan.

Surprisingly, all religious parties, secular parties and nationalist parties in Pakistan contested the National and Provincial Assemblies under the constitution framed by Ayub Khan. Nawab Khair Bakhsh Marri elected Member of National Assembly Sardar Ataullah Mengal was elected a member of the West Pakistan Assembly. The rest of the Baloch from Balochistan had emerged as a powerful figure on the political horizon and their role was more vivid than that of the nationalist leaders. Mir Ghous Bakhsh Bizenjo contested the by-election and won. Karachi millionaire businessman Haroon family supported. Ayub Khan supported Habibullah Khan. During this period, political squabbles broke out between the governors of West Pakistan, Nawab Kala Bagh and Ayub Khan. At the request of Governor Kala Bagh, the Haroon family supported Mir Ghous Bakhsh Bizenjo and he won. This was the beginning of Ayub Khan’s downfall. Now, with the support of a capitalist, Ghous Bakhsh Bizenjo reached the National Assembly. An army general did give basic rights to the people and these rights were given mainly through local body elections.

Considering now, it would seem strange that all the right and left parties of the country accepted the political leadership of the army general and participated in the elections in large numbers. A major political crisis erupted against Ayub Khan in 1968 and 1969, mainly due to the presidential election in which Quaid-e-Azam’s sister Fatima Jinnah challenged Ayub Khan. Maulana Mufti Mehmood issued a fatwa in support of Ayub Khan saying that participation of women in politics is haraam and rule of women is illegal. Jamaat-e-Islami supported Fatima Jinnah against Ayub Khan. After Ayub Khan, General Yahya Khan took power. His greatest achievement was the elimination of One Unit and thus for the first time in history the province of Balochistan came into being.

As a result of the 1970 elections, Punjab did not recognize and did not give power to Mujeeb-ur-Rehman, nor did it recognize the numerical superiority it had gained in the National Assembly. He wanted to divide the country but giving power to East Pakistan was not acceptable. But today Punjab is addicted to the superiority of its population. Today it uses every aspect of population supremacy against small provinces.

After General Yahya Khan, General Zia-ul-Haq overthrew Bhutto and seized power. He also held elections to the National and Provincial Assemblies and local body elections at the lower level. After him, General Musharraf overthrew the pro-government government, held elections and religious parties accepted the amendment in uniform. Under General Musharraf, Maulana Sherani and Maulana Fazlur Rehman came very close to General Musharraf. The proximity of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam to the army general had increased and Jamiat-e-Islami stood in different directions. MMA is over. The late Qazi Sahib separated. General Musharraf had made the local bodies so powerful that some members of the National Assembly resigned and became chairman. Financial and administrative powers were vast. The bureaucracy did not accept the game. The bitterest difference between the Jamiat Ulema and the Jamaat-e-Islami was only on one point. Pakistan’s three provincial assemblies were constitutionally empowered by General Musharraf to become president. Only the NWFP assembly was left, constitutionally required the support of all four provincial assemblies, otherwise he could not have become president. Qazi Hussain Ahmed called on Maulana Fazlur Rehman and asked him to ask the Speaker of NWFP to dissolve the Provincial Assembly so that General Musharraf would not be able to become President constitutionally. But Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam had secretly met General Musharraf so the Speaker did not dissolve the Provincial Assembly, so Qazi Sahib separated from the MMA and General Musharraf became the President of Pakistan thanks to the support of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam.

Military generals have always given power to the people at the grassroots level but unfortunately whenever political rulers come to power they have always violated these rights. Now Imran Khan has spent two and a half years but is reluctant to hold local body elections. It is strange that the generals have given powers and the political parties have deprived the people of these rights. We need to think calmly about why this is done and why the people are deprived of their basic rights. And now one aspect of politics is not democratic in any way and that is that now in politics a monarchical style has been adopted. After the king, power has been transferred to his son, grandson, granddaughter, great-granddaughter, now this style of monarchy has been adopted by political and religious parties. After the father, his son, daughter, granddaughter, grandson, grandson, the king of politics will fall, only Jamaat-e-Islami is left.


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